Shabbos in the Parashah
In this weeks parashah the Torah records how HaShem nearly destroyed the world by bringing a flood. The only survivors of this devastation were Noach and his immediate family members. While we are accustomed to understanding the flood as a punishment for the corrupt actions of that generation, it would seem to be difficult to view the destruction as a reward. This would be similar to one contracting a life-threatening illness and his friend would attempt to comfort him by stating that he should view the illness as a reward. Let us examine the concepts of reward and punishment and we will see that the idea that destruction can be viewed as a reward is not as preposterous as it sounds. We must first ask ourselves why HaShem brings destruction to the world. The Ran in his Derashos (Derush 10 Version 2) poses the following question. If HaShem observes the laws that are written in His Torah, how can HaShem punish someone for violating His will? It would seem that if HaShem exacts retribution from someone for his actions, it is a form of revenge, and the Torah states explicitly that one is forbidden to take revenge. The Ran answers that when HaShem punishes a person, he is not taking revenge. Rather, HaShem is afflicting the person in this world or in the next world so that one will earn atonement and be cleansed from his sin. Thus, the term punishment regarding one who suffers because of his sins is not a correct term. Rather, one is being rewarded with afflictions that will ultimately bring him closer to HaShem. While it is true that the generation of the Flood forfeited their portion in this world and in the World to Come (Gemara Sanhedrin 107b ), Noach and his family were allowed to live and to rebuild the world. The Zohar states that Noach represented Shabbos. The real Shabbos will be in the World to Come, when those who have merited will be rewarded with an eternal rest. We must adopt an outlook that what may at times appear to be a punishment is in essence a reward. There are times when all those who appear to be punished are in essence being rewarded, and there are times when only some of those who are being punished are really being rewarded. Yet, the Meshech Chochmah (beginning of Parashas Vaera) writes that the whole liberation from the bondage of
Shabbos in the Zemiros
Ribbon kol HaOlamim
Published in 5401 (1641)
Melech laveish rachamim, King Who dons mercy. What does it mean that HaShem dons mercy? This would imply that Hashem is normally not merciful. Rashi (Bereishis 1:1) writes that HaShem created the world with the Attribute of Justice, and when HaShem saw that the world could not exit with justice alone, He incorporated in the world the Attribute of Mercy. Thus, in essence HaShem rules with justice. Yet, for the sake of sustaining the world, HaShem dons His cloak of mercy. HaShem should allow us to merit His great mercy and we should witness the arrival of Moshiach Tzidkeinu, speedily, in our days.
Shabbos in Tefillah
Melech yachid kel chei HaOlamim, King, Unique One, G-d, Life-giver of the world. The culmination of the blessing Yishtabach is that HaShem is our king, the Unique One, G-d, and Life-giver of the world. We praise HaShem as our king, but the concept of king may at times be abstract for us. The idea that HaShem gives life to the entire world is somewhat easier to contemplate, as we are constantly breathing. It is noteworthy that the Zohar states that man dinafach midilei nafach, one who breathes is breathing from HaShem Himself. Perhaps this praise of HaShem as king and as life-giver go hand in hand, as once we acknowledge that HaShem gives us life, we can accept Him as King, because it is the king Himself Who is the Source of our every breath.
The Picciotto family of Aram Tzova in
Shabbos in Navi
Yehoshua Chapter 6
In this chapter it is said that HaShem instructed Yehoshua that the Jewish People should encircle the city of
NEW Shabbos in Agadah
The Gemara (Shabbos 118b) states that if the Jewish People were to observe two Shabbosos, we would be redeemed from the exiles. In light of this profound statement, I would like to focus on various aspects of Shabbos, both in Halacha and in custom, which every Jew can aspire to, in enhancing the Holy Shabbos. One of the most important aspects of Shabbos does not even occur on Shabbos. The Gemara (Beitzah 16a) states that Shammai would find a sheep and designate it for Shabbos, and upon finding a choicer sheep, he would designate that sheep for Shabbos. Shammai would thus eat the entire week in honor of Shabbos. One must wonder why someone would honor the Shabbos during the week when the Torah commands us to honor the Shabbos on Shabbos. Perhaps we can suggest a novel approach to explain the philosophy of Shammai. The Sefarim write that the word Shabbos means to return, i.e. to repent. It is well-known that Rabbeinu Saadia Gaon would do Teshuvah for the inadequacy of his previously performed good deeds. In a similar vein, Shammai would eat in honor of Shabbos, i.e. he would do Teshuvah, but then he would find a better way to do Teshuvah, as ultimately, one can always become closer to HaShem. This thought should inspire us to use Shabbos as a means of coming closer to HaShem.
Shabbos in Halacha
One is prohibited from adding any seasoning, such as pepper or sugar, to hot soup while in a pot (kli rishon). Seasoning that was cooked during processing, like salt or sugar, can be added once the soup is transferred to a kli sheini. One cannot add uncooked seasoning to a kli sheini until the soup cools below yad soledes bo. One can, however, add uncooked seasoning to a kli shelishi.
Shabbos in Numbers and Words
It is said in the Book of Yehoshua (6:19) that all the silver and gold and vessels of copper and iron are holy to HaShem; they shall go to the treasury of HaShem. The Medrash (Tanchumah Naso 28) derives from this verse that since the spoils of Yericho were taken on Shabbos, they were consecrated to HaShem. It is noteworthy that the word Bereishis, when one scrambles the letters, forms an acrostic for the words Reishis shelal Yericho beShabbos tavo Otzar, the first spoils of Yericho on Shabbos shall be brought to the treasury [of HaShem].
Shabbos: Ta’am HaChaim Noach 5768
Have a wonderful and delightful Shabbos
Prepared by Rabbi Binyomin Adler.
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