Shabbos in the Parashah
In this week’s parashah the Torah elaborates on the mitzvah of Shabbos, the holiest day of the week. It is said (Shemos 31:16-17) veshamru vnei Yisroel es HaShabbos laasos es HaShabbos ledorosam bris olam beini uvein bnei Yisroel os hi liolam ki sheishes yamim asah HaShem es hashamayim vies haaretz uvayom hashevii shavas vayenafash, the Children of Israel shall observe the Shabbos, to make the Shabbos an eternal covenant for their generations. Between Me and the Children of Israel it is a sign forever that in a six-day period HaShem made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day He rested and was refreshed. Rashi interprets the word vayenafash to be referring to HaShem. Despite the fact that it is not possible to state that HaShem rested, HaShem attributed rest to Himself in a way that one can possibly fathom this concept of HaShem resting. Interestingly, the Gemara (Taanis 27b) interprets the word vayenafash in an entirely different manner. The Gemara states kivan sheshavas vay avdah nefesh, once the Shabbos ends, woe that the soul is lost. The commentators understand the Gemara to be referring to the neshama yeseira, the extra soul that HaShem bestows upon every Jew with the onset of Shabbos. The obvious question on this Gemara is, why does the Torah allude to the concept of a neshama yeseira on Shabbos upon the departure of Shabbos, as opposed to what would seem more inspiring if we were informed that the neshama yeseira enters with the onset of Shabbos. To answer this question, it is worthwhile to examine a passage that we recite in the Shabbos morning prayers. We recite the words yismach Moshe bematnas chelko ki eved neeman karasa lo kelil tiferes birosho nasata lo biamado lefeonecho al har Sinai ushnei luchos avanim horid beyado vichasuv bahem shemiras Shabbos vichein kasuv bisorasecho, Moshe rejoiced in the gift of his portion: that You called him a faithful servant. A crown of splendor You placed on his head when he stood before You on
Shabbos in the Zemiros
Ribbon kol HaOlamim
Published in 5401 (1641)
Vizakeinu likabel Shabbosos mitoch rov simcha. Privilege us to receive Sabbaths amid abundant gladness. It is well known that the Satan works diligently on Friday afternoon to cause strife and discord in Jewish homes. It is thus fitting that we pray that HaShem allow us to receive the Shabbos amid abundant gladness, as the Satan deplores those who perform mitzvos with joy.
Shabbos in Tefillah
Magen yisheinu, O Shield of our salvation. A shield is what protects a soldier from the enemy. Here we describe HaShem as the Shield of our salvation. Although we have not yet merited the Ultimate Redemption, we acknowledge that HaShem is constantly saving us from our enemies, and this is also deemed to be salvation. May HaShem allow us to see the Ultimate Salvation, with the arrival of Moshiach Tzidkeinu, speedily, in our days.
Rav Chaim of Sanz had a custom: he would test the local children on a monthly basis. The children would recite orally from the Mishnah or Talmud and Rav Chaim would reward them generously with sweets and money. Once a group of secular Jews decided to dupe Rav Chaim. They taught a Talmudic selection to a gentile child and reviewed it with him until he knew it perfectly. They dressed him like a Chasidic child and had him stand in line with all the other children to be tested. The rabbi listened to the young boy intently. The other children were puzzled: they did not remember this boy from their cheder, yet they were amazed at the remarkable fluency he displayed in reciting his piece. Rav Chaim was not impressed at all. He turned to the young man and said, “please tell your father that there are better ways to earn a few coins!” With that he dismissed the child. The secularists were shocked. “How did the Rabbi know?” Their curiosity forced them to approached Rav Chaim. Rav Chaim smiled as he answered them. “There are two ways to say the Gemara. One is filled with spirituality. The child’s body is swaying and filled with the emotion of Torah. The other is just repetitive rote. This young man lacked the fire and the true joy that the Jewish children have when learning Torah. I knew he was not one of ours.”
Reb Dovid was happily married to his dear and loving wife, Chayka, for nearly half a century. Her sudden death cast him into a terrible depression for which there was almost no cure. His son and daughter-in-law, Roizy, graciously invited him to stay at their home and share everything with them. Reb Dovid’s daughter-in-law, cooked every meal for him but Reb Dovid was never pleased. No matter how deliciously prepared the meals were, he would sigh and mutter to himself, loud enough for his son to hear, “this was not the way Momma made the soup.” Roizy poured through her mother-in-law’s old recipe books and tried to re-create the delicious taste for which her father-in-law longed. But Reb Dovid was still not pleased. One day, while the soup was on the fire, Reb Dovid’s grandchild fell outside. In her haste to get to the child, Roizy almost dropped in the entire pepper shaker. In addition, by the time the child was washed and bandaged, the soup was totally burned! There was nothing for Reb Dovid’s daughter to do but serve the severely spiced, burnt soup. She stood in agony as her elderly father in-law brought the soup to his lips. This time he would probably more than mumble a complaint. But it was not to be. A wide smile broke across Reb Dovid’s face. “Delicious! my dear daughter,” said Reb Dovid with a tear in his eye. “Absolutely delicious! This is exactly how Momma made the soup!” [Stories told by Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky and reprinted with permission from torah.org]
Shabbos in Navi
In this opening chapter of the Book of Shoftim, the Navi records how the tribe of Yehudah went to battle against the Canaanites and Perezites and defeated them. The Navi then records how the tribe of Yehudah captured Chevron and Calev then offered his daughter Achsa in marriage to whoever would capture Kiryas Sefer. Asniel ben Kenaz captured Kiryas Sefer and then Calev’s daughter requested of her father to give her a source of blessing, as she had been given arid land. She desired springs of water, and Calev gave her the upper springs and the lower springs. In Kabbalah there are two forms of Gan Eden,
Shabbos in Agadah
There are many events that are associated with Shabbos. We will soon be entering into the period referred to as the Four Shabbosos, when we read in the Torah Parashas Shekalim, Zachor, HaChodesh and Parah. Perhaps the idea of these four readings being associated with Shabbos is to teach us that we must always anticipate Shabbos and when Shabbos arrives, we will merit even more than what we were expecting. Thus, Shabbos is not one-dimensional. Rather, Shabbos encompasses all aspects of life, from charity, remembrance, purity and redemption, which are reflected in these four parshiyos.
Shabbos in Halacha
Foods that were left on the perimeter of the blech (i.e. not yad soledes bo) cannot be moved into the yad soledes bo area on Shabbos. It is common that when one will leave several pots on the blech prior to Shabbos, he will place one or more pots on the perimeter of the blech (i.e. not yad soledes bo). The pots cannot be moved closer to the flame, near the area where they can become yad soledes bo.
Shabbos in Numbers and Words
In Shabbos Zemiros we recite the words hashomer Shabbos habein im habas, whoever keeps the Shabbos, a man and woman alike. It is fascinating to note that the word bein in mispar katan, digit sum, equals 7, which alludes to Shabbos, the seventh day of the week. The word habas in mispar katan, equals 11, and 1+1=2. This alludes to the idea that on Shabbos everything is double. This is also significant because the word bas in Aramaic means rest, and on Shabbos we are commanded to rest. Alternatively, the word bas in mispar katan equals 6. Bein refers to the male, who influences the bas, the female. Thus, bein, 7, which alludes to Shabbos, influences bas, which is the 6 days of the week.
Shabbos: Ta’am HaChaim Ki Sisa 5768
is sponsored by the Waxenberg family on the occasion of the first yahrtzeit of their dear mother and grandmother, Janis Waxenberg, Yehudis bas Tzvi Hirsch ob”m
Niftarah 23 Adar
Shabbos: Ta’am HaChaim Ki Sisa 5768
is also sponsored by Rabbi Aharon Amzalak in loving memory of his dear father whose yahrtzeit was 10 Adar
The class in Navi will resume IY”H on Shabbos afternoons after the clock changes.
The class will be held at Congregation Dovid Ben Nuchim-Aish Kodesh 14800 West Lincoln, in
Have a wonderful and delightful Shabbos
Prepared by Rabbi Binyomin Adler.
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