Shabbos in the Parashah
In this week’s parashah it is said (Bamidbar 15:38) dabeir el bnei yisroel viamarta aleihem viasu lahem tzitzis al kanfei bigdeihem ledorosam venasnu al tzitzis hakanaf pesil techeiles, speak to the Children of Israel and say to them that they shall make themselves tzitzis on the corners of their garments, throughout their generations. Rashi writes that the word pesil is derived from the slaying of the Egyptian firstborn, as the Targum (Aramaic translation) of the word shikul, bereavement, is tichlah, which is the same as the word techeiles. Rashi continues and states that the Egyptian firstborns were slain at night and the color of techeiles is similar to the sky that darkens towards evening. The eight threads in the tzitzis correspond to the eight days that the Jewish People waited from the time they left
Shabbos in the Zemiros
Composed by the Kabbalists of the seventeenth century
Tzeischem leshalom malachei haShalom malachei elyon mimelech Malchei haMelachim HaKadosh baruch Hu, may your departure be for peace, O angels of peace, angels of the Exalted One, from the King Who reigns over kings, The Holy One, Blessed is He. This passage is difficult to understand, because it would not seem logical to send the angels away, especially after they have just arrived. Many answers are offered to this question, but I would like to suggest a novel approach that sheds light on the essence of a Jew’s existence. It is well-known that the Vilna Gaon had angels who came knocking on his door offering to teach him Torah, and he rejected them, declaring that he wished to gain an understanding of Torah through his own human efforts. Similarly, we can suggest that the angels who escort us home on Friday night are there to protect us and to bless us, but we wish to demonstrate that the Jewish People are on a higher level than the angels, as we have freedom of choice. We wish the angels a peaceful departure, with the intent that we can now focus our efforts on serving HaShem with the capabilities that He has bestowed upon us. We always need HaShem’s help, and Shabbos is a gift that HaShem grants us so that we can attain high levels of holiness, but we must still put in the effort to achieve these spiritual plateaus.
Shabbos in Tefillah
Yishtabach shimcho laad malkeinu, may Your Name be praised forever-our King. It is said (Tehillim 145:1) tehillah leDovid aromimcho Elokai hamelech vaavrcho shimcho liolam vaed, a psalm of praise by Dovid: I will exalt You, my G-d the King, and I will bless Your Name forever and ever. The Radak writes that one explanation of this verse is that I will praise You, HaShem, Your Name that exists for eternity. Similarly, we can suggest that here we are declaring that we will praise HaShem, Whose Name is for eternity.
Shabbos in History
Someone once asked the Belzer Rebbe, “what is the significance of eating kugel on Shabbos?” The Rebbe explained, “you should know that kugel has the power of transforming middas hadin, the Attribute of Judgment, into middas harachamim, the Attribute of Mercy.” The questioner asked, “ if this is so, why must we blow the shofar on Rosh Hashanah to transform the middas hadin into middas harachamim, when we can achieve the same result by eating kugel?” The Rebbe replied with a twinkle in his eye, “that is why we do not blow the shofar when Rosh Hashanah falls on Shabbos. The kugel we eat on Shabbos has the same effect in heaven as blowing the shofar, as it transforms the middas hadin into middas harachamim.”
The Gemara states that one who has bread in his basket cannot be compared to one who does not have bread in his basket. This dictum can also be applied to Shabbos, as one who has trust in HaShem will believe that all the blessing of the weekday is derived from Shabbos. It is fascinating that the words sheyeish bisalo, that he has in his basket, equals in gematria HaShabbos (708-707).
Shabbos in Halacha
Pouring hot liquids from a kli sheini onto food is not subject to the rules of a kli sheini. Rather, this will fall into the more lenient category of kli shelishi. In summary, the only uncooked foods that can be immersed in a kli sheini are those that are not readily cooked, such as water, oil and ginger or cinnamon sticks. Previously cooked liquids can be reheated in a kli sheini. Soluble pre-cooked foods like coffee, sugar and salt can be dissolved in a kli sheini.
Shabbos in Numbers and Words
In this week’s parashah, the Torah discusses the mekosheish, the one who gathered wood on Shabbos and was put to death. It is noteworthy that the word kosheish equals in gematria HaShabbos, as he was gathering wood which was a violation of Shabbos.
is sponsored by Dr. Jeffrey Eisman, Yonah Lev ben Dovid in loving memory of his mother Chava bat Yonah Lev ob”m niftarah June 7, 1983, 26 Sivan 5743. Mrs. Eisman instilled the fundamental tenets of Jewish faith in her children, allowing them to continue in the paths of their illustrious forebears and fulfilling the will of HaShem. May her memory be a blessing for her family and for all of the Jewish People.
Shabbos: Ta’am HaChaim Shelach 5767
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